Canada Tightens Crypto Asset Regulations for Public Investment Funds

The Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) has suggested changes in guidelines that will affect how public investment funds in Canada handle crypto assets. The move, which is in line with global trends toward tighter cryptocurrency regulations, reflects the CSA’s growing attention to the unique risks and characteristics of crypto assets.

The CSA, a council of securities regulators in Canada’s provinces and territories, aims to harmonize and improve coordination in Canadian financial markets. On January 18, 2024, they released a draft outlining proposed changes to the regulatory treatment of crypto assets by public investment funds. This proposal is part of a broader project announced in July to develop a comprehensive regulatory framework for crypto assets in Canada.

Proposed changes

The main focus of the amendments is to limit direct trading of crypto-assets to certain types of funds and establish strict custodial standards. The key points are:

Limitation on types of funds: Only alternative and non-redeemable investment funds will be allowed to buy, sell or hold crypto assets directly. Other mutual funds seeking crypto exposure will need to invest in these funds.

Exchange Listing Requirement: Invested crypto assets must be listed on an exchange recognized by Canadian securities regulators and must be fungible.

Custody and Security: Assets must be insured and kept safe cold wallets. In addition, an annual review of the trustee’s internal management by a public accountant is required.

Public Feedback and Development: CSA has opened these proposals for a 90-day public comment period, after which a consultation document will be developed. This paper will consider a broader framework for the regulation of crypto assets.

Implications for the investment landscape

This CSA move could have significant implications for the Canadian investment landscape:

Risk Reduction: These changes aim to reduce the risks associated with crypto assets, such as volatility and security concerns.

Market stability: By limiting direct transactions to certain types of funds, the CSA seeks to ensure market stability and protect investors.

Product development: The regulatory clarity provided can encourage the development of new crypto-related investment products within a safer framework.

Global trend: This regulatory change in Canada is part of a global trend towards more comprehensive cryptocurrency regulation, aligning Canadian policies with international standards.


The CSA’s proposed amendments mark a pivotal moment in the regulation of crypto assets in Canada. By focusing on custodial standards and limiting direct crypto transactions to specific types of funds, these changes aim to balance the innovative potential of cryptocurrencies with the need for investor protection and market stability.

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